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What to Know About Social Security Changes for 2020

Here’s what’s happening with your benefits next year

Monthly benefits will increase
Social Security recipients will get a 1.6 percent cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) in their monthly benefits starting in January. The average individual retired Social Security beneficiary is expected to see a monthly benefit jump from $1,479 to $1,503, an increase of roughly $24 per month or $288 for the year.
Maximum monthly benefit rises
As a result of the COLA, the maximum monthly benefit a single recipient can get also will grow. That benefit will increase from $2,861 per month in 2019 to $3,011 per month in 2020.
Earnings limit climbs
If you are between ages 62 and 66 or 67 (full retirement age) and working while also receiving monthly Social Security benefits, in 2020 you will be able to earn up to $18,240 ($1,520 per month) before the Social Security Administration deducts $1 from your benefits for every $2 you earn. In the year you turn your full retirement age, the earnings limit will be $48,600 ($4,050 per month) before the agency will deduct $1 for every $3 you earn until the month you reach full retirement age. (For those born between 1943 and 1954, full retirement age is 66. It increases by two months for each year after until 67.) The earnings limit disappears once you reach full retirement age.
Annual tax cap grows
Taxes on workers’ wages finance Social Security. Workers pay 6.2 percent of their earnings to fund the benefit (employers pay the same). Next year, the maximum amount of earnings subject to the Social Security tax will increase from $132,900 to $137,700.
Earnings for work credit rises
The earnings required for one work credit — that is, three months of Social Security coverage — edges up from $1,360 to $1,410 for 2020. Credits are the building blocks the Social Security Administration uses to determine whether you qualify for benefits. You can earn up to four credits a year if you earn at least $5,440. In most cases, to qualify for benefits you’ll need a minimum of 40 credits.
Supplemental Security Income increases
Beneficiaries receiving Supplemental Security Income (SSI) will also see an increase in their monthly payment. SSI is a federal program that aids the aged, blind and people with disabilities who have little or no income by providing them funds for food, clothing and shelter. The individual amount grows by $12 a month, from $771 to $783. The amount for couples rises $32, from $1,157 to $1,175.

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